A list of
some of the terms you'll come across when using Royalty Free
Production Music - music that has been
written and recorded specifically to be used in media productions.
The media producer will pay a fee to the Production Music
owner (publisher) for permission to use an instance of music
in their media production (TV programme, Film etc). The music
on this site is an example of production
Stock Music - another name sometimes
used for Production Music
Library Music - see Production Music
Music Library - publishers that own collections
"catalogues" of production music, refer to their
catalogue as a music library.
Royalty Free Music - a type of Production
Music, with simpler and easier licensing. Music is licensed
by a single one-time payment to cover all uses with no further
payments or royalties due. This website contains lots of royalty
Buyout Music - another term used for
Royalty Free Music, because of the nature of a royalty license,
this is often referred to as a "buyout", meaning
all permission for all rights have been paid for.
Copyright Free Music - used mistakenly
to describe Royalty Free Music. All music contains various
elements of Copyright (see Copyright).
Copyright - defined in the US Constitution
as ' a limited duration monopoly" ...to promote the progress
of science and useful arts by giving their creators exclusive
rights to their works for a period of time. Copyright includes
the following five rights
1 - Reproduce the work
2 - Distribute copies of the work
3 - Perform the work 'publicly'
4 - Make a derivative work
5 - to display the work publicly
Berne Convention - International agreement
that protects Copyright worldwide. For example, a work created
inthe US is also protected in the UK, and all 162 countries
that are parties to the agreement.
Composer - someone who writes an original
Publisher - someone who represents the
copyright(s) in a musical work on behalf of the copyright
Performance Rights - the right to allow
a piece of music or a composition to be performed in public.
Mechanical Rights - the right to allow
a musical recording or composition to be reproduced mechanically.
If you make, for example, a DVD containing music and wish
to sell 5000 copies, you need to pay the rights holders for
permission to do this.
Synchronisation Rights - the right to
include a piece of music or recording in synchronisation with
visuals. Anyone making a TV programme or film for example
would need to get permission from the Rights Holder for Synchronisation.
Performance Rights Organisation (PRO)
- these monitor what music is played and performed in public.
They generally charge an annual license fee (sometimes referred
to as a blanket license) to broadcasters. They then redistribute
these fees to their members, who are music composers and publishers.
Cue Sheet - these contain details of
music contained in a TV programme or broadcast, they are completed
by the broadcaster and given to the PRO to enable them to
know what music has been performed. The PRO uses this information
to pay it's members (composers and publishers) their share
of any fees as a royalty. See Performance Rights Organisation
Broadcaster - TV company, Radio company
are the obvious ones, but anyone who plays music to toher
members of the public is technically a broadcaster. This can
include websites, corporate DVD's played to staff, telephone-on-hold
Blanket License - a license given by
a copyright owner to a music user that covers ('blankets')
all of the compositions they represent. For example, a TV
broadcaster will pay a blanket license to their local PRO,
in exchange for which they can broadcast all music represented
by that PRO and it's affiliates worldwide. This is useful,
it saves the broadcaster having to negotiate with every publisher
for every single piece of music used - this would be impossible.
Public Performance - when a piece of
music is played publically. This could include, for example,
a TV programme with music in, a radio show, film, trade show,
over a cable system (eg phones). Exact definitiond vary worldwide
- see Performance Rights Organisations
DVD - Digital Versatile Disc, an optical
disc storage media format, often used for storing films/movies
with high visual and sound quality.
CD - Compact Disc, an optocal disc used
to store digital data, from the mid 1980's it became the standard
physical medium for commercial audio recordings.
Video - the technology of electronically
capturing and reconstructing a sequence of still images which
represent scenes in motion. Video technology was first developed
for television systems, later being developed into other formats
to allow for consumer video recording. Video can also be viewed
over the Internet.
Music Styles - we have another page with
a list of some of the music styles
you'll find in our music library