What Is Production Music?
Production music is music written and recorded
specifically to be used in film, television and other media.
It is available to license from Production Music Libraries,
who produce the music and own the various copyrights. Licensing
is usually handled by the music library themselves, although
in the UK this is done through the MCPS on behalf of all libraries.
The license rates vary according to how the music is to be
used, and can range from tens of dollars to thousands of dollars,
usually depending upon the eventual audience size for the
Production Music for Media
Production Music is a very convenient way for media producers
to license music. Production music libraries will usually
have a wide selection of musical styles available, and media
producers know that any of the tracks are avaiable to license
at an affordable rate. Libraries vary in size from having
a few dozen music tracks, to having many thousands in their
catalogue. Some of the larger libraries have been established
since the first half of the twentieth century. They now form
a major financial part of the wider music industry, and are
owned by the same major international music companies such
as EMI and Sony.
How Production Music Works
Production music libraries make their money from two different
income streams - synchronisation/mechanical license fees and
performance royalties. These license fees are those paid by
the media producer that allows them to incorporate a piece
of music into their media production. The fees vary widely
depending on the nature of the project, and are usually geared
according to the eventual audience size, as well as the length
of time the production music is played for.
So for example using a few seconds of music in a local radio
commercial will be a lot cheaper than using a longer length
in a nationwide TV advertising campaign. Performance royalties
are paid annually by broadcasters (TV stations, Radio networks)
to Performance Rights Organisations (PRO) who represent composers
and puclichers, including Production Music Libraries. These
license fees are redistributed by the PRO among it's composer
and publisher members, according to which music has been broadcast
by the TV/Radio stations.
Types of Production Music
Production music is also know as library music, or stock
music. A new and popular form of production music is Royalty
Free Music. The licenses from Royalty Free Music libraries
cover the synchronisation/mechanical licence mentioned above,
but are usually much simpler, being a one-time fee giving
permission for many uses, overe again, in perpetuity.
Royalty Free Music is a great way for media producers to
save money by using the simpler licensing model. Fees for
traditional production music licensing can soon escalate to
large amounts, eating up a production budget, but royalty
free music can provide a very cost effective alternative.
Another benefit is that the administration can be much simpler
for the media producer, since the royalty free music license
is usually a one-time fee and covers all uses from then on
within the media project.
How To Find Production Music
Production music libraries make their music avaiable to media
producers on audio CDs. However over the past few years this
has started to change with the evolution of an internet-based
model. Now media producers can listen online to the library
tracks, and download the music tracks they choose to use,
having organised the license payment throught the same website.
There are many advantages to using production music for tv,
film and media. - it's readily available - it's designed specifically
for media - there is just about every musical style available
- licensing is straightforward.
Royalty free music, which is a form of production music,
offers all of these plus a simpler, more cost effective licensing
method. Instead of the licensing fees varying widely depending
on the nature of the project (usually geared according to
the eventual audience size) , a simple one-time license is
all that is needed. This makes licensing music for your project
quick and easy!
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